Τούσουλης Δημήτριος, Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Κυρίτση Ελένη, Ομότιμος Καθηγήτρια, Νοσηλευτική, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Τούτουζας Κωνσταντίνος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική, ΕΚΠΑ
Introduction: The application of cardiopulmonary resuscitation has a catalytic role in the recovery of automatic circulation. In every urgent and threatening situation for the life of the individual, the most important role plays both the immediate recognition of this threat and the implementation of proper manipulations to support the life of the individual.
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the degree of nurses' knowledge in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Material and Method: The sample of the study consisted of 202 Nurses of General Hospitals "HIPPOKRATEIO" and "Sotiria". The study was conducted from February to June 2018. A specially formulated questionnaire was used to collect the data, based on the international literature and guidelines of 2015 of the European Resuscitation Council. Statistical analysis was performed with the statistical package SPSS-22 and the application of the statistical test t – test and anova. The significance level was set to <0.05.
Results: The sample of the study consisted of 202 nursing staff, 157 of whom were 77.7% women. The 16.3% of the sample had higher university education, 65.8% had higher technological education and 17.8% had secondary education. Postgraduate studies had 26.7%, a doctorate had 1% and Nursing specialty had 15.3%. 44.6% of the participants, had BLS, 3.5% ILS, 2.5% ACLS, and 3% ALS. On the total score of the correct answers of the participants, it was found that 27.8% of the sample had a total score of <6, 62. 4% had a total score of 7-10 and 9.8% had 11-13. Relative to age, people who aged <30 years, responded to more correct questions, with a statistically significant difference p = 0.024. The bosses, deputies and departmental staff responded to more correct questions, p = <0.001 and statistically, significantly differ only from the group of nursing assistants, p = 0.001. More often, university and technology education, graduates have responded correct, p = 0.001. People who did not have CPR training had a lower score p = <0.001 and differed statistically, significantly from those who had BLS p <0.001 and those who had ILS, ACLS and ALS p = 0.002. Individuals, who were working in intensive healing units or general ICU’s, scored higher, p <0.001 and those who were informed about the new 2015 guidelines, p <0.001.
Conclusion: There is little knowledge of nursing staff in cardiopulmonary resuscitation at both theoretical and practical level. The level of knowledge depends on the level of education, years of professional experience, the department of work and the postgraduate studies.