Predisposing Valvular Disease Factors

Postgraduate Thesis uoadl:2839711 264 Read counter

ΠΜΣ Εργαστηριακή και Κλινική Νοσηλευτική Καρδιολογία
Library of the School of Health Sciences
Deposit date:
Takou Eleni
Supervisors info:
Χαρίλαος Κουτής, Ομότιμος Καθηγητής, Πανεπιστήμιο Δυτικής Αττικής
Τριανταφυλλίδη Ελένη, Καρδιολόγος, Διευθύντρια ΕΣΥ, Π.Γ.Ν. "Αττικόν"
Κλέτσιου Ελένη, Νοσηλεύτρια ΠΕ, ΜSc, PhD, Π.Γ.Ν. "Αττικόν"
Original Title:
Προδιαθεσικοί Παράγοντες Βαλβιδοπαθειών
Translated title:
Predisposing Valvular Disease Factors
Introduction: The prevalence of valvular heart disease in the USA is 2.5% of the general population. The incidence of valvular heart disease has been correlated with various risk factors or predisposing factors.
Aim: The estimation of the frequency of the valvular heart disease in the Greek population, as well as the frequency of predisposing factors that causes them.
Material - Method: This is a descriptive and correlational study, which conducted in February - October 2018 in two hospitals in Athens. The sample of the study consisted of 83 adult patients, who have diagnosed with valvular disease and hospitalized in the hospitals to undergo cardiac surgery. For data collection was constructed a questionnaire. In the first part of questionnaire, we recorded demographic data of patients and in the second part the clinical data. Data were analyzed with the statistical program SPSS 24.0 and the statistical significance was ≤0.05.
Results: 14.5% of patients had aortic valve regurgitation, 27.7% mitral regurgitation, 1.2% tricuspid regurgitation, 2.4% pulmonary regurgitation, 43.3% aortic valve stenosis, 3.6% stenosis mitral valve and 7.2% of mixed valve disease. The gender (p=0.044), age (p≤0.001), hypertension (p = 0.03), hypercholesterolemia (p≤0.001), coronary heart disease (p≤0.001), and congenital heart disease (p≤0.001) were differed statistically between the patients with different valvular heart disease.
Conclusions: The most common valvular disease in Greece is aortic valve stenosis. The predisposing factors, which differ among individuals with valve disease, were gender, age, arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease and congenital heart disease.
Main subject category:
Health Sciences
Valve Disease, Prevalence, Predisposing Factors, Risk Factors
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