Θωμάς Νικολόπουλος , Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ, Επιβλέπων
Παύλος Μαραγκουδάκης, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής, Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Αλέξανδρος Δελίδης, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής,Ιατρική Σχολή, ΕΚΠΑ
Subject: The historical overview of deafness in the 18th century, from the time of Charles-Michel de l'Epee to the present.
Method: The methodology used & search for information, other than search engines, from older & newer texts, published studies, articles & reviews analysis, religious texts, encyclopedias based on specific search criteria.
Outcome: The post-natal period revolutionized the field of medical research and was the "golden age" (18th-19th) in the conceptual significance & identity of the deaf. Originally with sign language and its application, its introduction and its dissemination with the contribution of de l'Epee, the adversarial method of education, the antecedent, the clashes & the climax with the Milan Congress and its cardinal resolutions, with the prohibition of signification and darkness in the deaf community. Of course, linguists have observed that the use of signification enhances the acquisition of a second language in deaf or non-deaf children.
Also the socio-political changes that brought about change in attitudes and beliefs, the two world wars that followed the 20th century, and the revanchism of the manualists after the subsequent balancing of the use of total communication as well as the introduction of technology with acoustic aids and cochlear implants.
Conclusion: From Charles-Michel de l’Epee and after, the evolution of deafness has made great progress as it has engaged the global community, created rivalries, camps, followers & warriors, for nearly 200 years.
Cochlear implantation and research into the genetic causes of deafness are a concern for the deaf community, since the actual dilemma of treating and controlling deafness can lead to a decrease in the size of deaf communities. It remains to be proved…
Deafness, History of deafness, Charles-Michel de l’Epee, Deaf education, Deaf community