Κατεύθυνση Αναπνευστική Ανεπάρκεια-Μηχανικός ΑερισμόςLibrary of the School of Health Sciences
Ιωάννης Καλεμικεράκης Καθηγητής Νοσηλευτικής ΠΑΔΑ
Θεόδωρος Καππάδοχος Λέκτορας Νοσηλευτικής ΠΑΔΑ
Γεωργία Τουλιά Επίκουρη Καθηγήτρια Νοσηλευτικής ΠΑΔΑ
Πλεονεκτήματα και μειονεκτήματα νοσηλείας ασθενών στις Μονάδες Εντατικής Θεραπείας: Συστηματική Ανασκόπηση
Advantages and disadvantages of patient care in Intensive Treatment Units: Systematic Review
Introduction: The Intensive Care Unit is a complex environment in the hospital with many advantages and disadvantages for the patient.
Aim: The aim of the present systematic review was to explore the advantages and disadvantages of hospitalization of patients in Intensive Care Units.
Material and Method: A systematic literature review in international databases (Pubmed, Cinahl, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library) was performed. A time limited criteria was applied with respect to the publication of articles (articles published in the last 15 years). Ten articles were found that met the criteria for participation in the review.
Results: From the thematic analysis of the results, the following sections emerged regarding the advantages and disadvantages of ICU hospitalization: Advantages related to patients care in ICU, advantages related to the team work. Disadvantages related to the ICU environment (noise, lighting) that complicate the patient's hospitalization status and cause the patient's sleep disturbances and / or delirium. In addition, the cost of hospitalization is a very significant disadvantage for both the patient and the health care providers.
Conclusions: The successful implementation of measures that will turn all the disadvantages of the ICU into advantages is facilitated in the daily clinical practice by the application of protocols, the maintenance of a checklist, the daily application of best practice based on evidence, data recording, creation of interdisciplinary groups and finally the use of technology for the benefit of the patient.
Main subject category:
Advantages, Disadvantages, Intensive care unit.
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