Κατεύθυνση Νεώτερη και Σύγχρονη Ελληνική ΙστορίαLibrary of the School of Philosophy
Πλουμίδης. Γ. Σπυρίδων Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Νεότερης Ελληνικής Ιστορίας (από την Ελληνική Επανάσταση έως σήµερα)
Καραμανωλάκης Ευάγγελος : Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Νεότερης Ελληνικής Ιστορίας (από την Ελληνική Επανάσταση έως σήµερα)
Λαμπροπούλου Δήμητρα : Λέκτορας Νεότερης Ελληνικής Ιστορίας (από την Ελληνική Επανάσταση έως σήµερα)
Οι Επαναστάσεις του 1848 στον Ελληνικό Τύπο: Ιδεολογικές τάσεις και προσλήψεις στην ελληνική δημόσια σφαίρα
The 1848 Revolutions in the Greek Press: Ideological currents and perceptions in the Greek public sphere
The object of this dissertation is the manner in which the European revolutions of 1848 were presented by the Greek Press. The dissertation’s aim is to illustrate the ideological currents present to the Greek public sphere during the Othonian period. The sources of the research were the newspaper articles of the years 1848-1849 regarding the revolutions. These are coming from the Athenian newspapers Aion, Elpis, Sintiritiki and the Ermoupolitan Aiolos, which are founded in the digital newspaper archive of the Greek Parliament’s Library. The attempt was the newspapers to cover as much as possible of the era’s political ideological field. During the years 1848-49 Aion was supporting the Russian Party, Elpis the English Party and Aiolos and Sintiritiki were supporting the French Party’s governments appointed by king Otto. The first two papers were liberal leaning while the rest two were conservative.
The first chapter of the dissertation examines the relation between the Press and the public sphere. First, it presents the formation and the structure of the public sphere, i.e. the imagined community of private people with purpose of exchanging opinions and critique public affairs, in Western Europe. Then, an attempt is made of an outline of the Greek public sphere of the Othonian period and the function of the Press in, as well as of the relation between the Press and the political party system of the era.
The second chapter presents the coverage of the revolutionary events of the year 1848 and an effort of its assessment is made. The chapter focuses on the French revolution of February1848, the Paris June uprising and the counterattack of the Reactionary forces in the autumn of the same year.
The third chapter is concerned with the following year’s events coverage. Besides the attitude of the Press towards the Revolutionary forces’ final defeat, also examined are the dispute between Aion and Elpis for the Hungarian War of Independence and the stance of the newspapers towards the revolts in the British protectorate of the Ionian Islands during 1848-1849.
Finally, some conclusions are drawn, regarding the structure of the Othonian period’s Greek public sphere, the ideological currents which occurred in it and the ideological character of the three “foreign” parties.
Main subject category:
Nespapers, Press, Public sphere, Revolutions, 1848, 19th Century, Greece, English Party, French Party, Russian Party, Ionian Islands, Ermoupolis, Liberalism, Conservatism
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