The role of exercise in the treatment of asthma

Graduate Thesis uoadl:3361800 20 Read counter

Department of Physical Education & Sport Science
Library of the School of Physical Education and Sport Science
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ΓΕΛΑΔΑΣ ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΣ, Καθηγητής, Τομέας: Αθλητιατρικής & Βιολογίας της Άσκησης, ΤΜΗΜΑ ΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΗΣ ΦΥΣΙΚΗΣ ΑΓΩΓΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΘΛΗΤΙΣΜΟΥ
Original Title:
Ο ρόλος της άσκησης στην αντιμετώπιση του άσθματος
Translated title:
The role of exercise in the treatment of asthma
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease of the respiratory system that is manifested by symptoms such as cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing and tightness in the chest as well as worsening of these symptoms at night. Asthma also
occurs with various phenotypes such as allergic asthma, asthma with obesity
and late-onset asthma, and there are also differences between children and adults with asthma. To control asthma medication with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is mainly used and many times for immediate symptoms relief short-acting β-agonists (SABAs) are used. With
exercise in asthma we see overall improvements. More specifically, we have positives
effects on patients' nocturnal symptoms and sleep quality, whereas
at the same time weight reduction, better lung function and control are observed
of asthma in obese and overweight patients. In eosinophilic and allergic
asthma in adults there is an improvement in asthma inflammation that does not
happens in children, of course exercise remains important in children with asthma as it
offers better physical ability to exercise, fitness, improvement
quality of life and reduction of symptoms. Aerobic exercise has been
studied the most in patients with asthma as it is a fairly safe exercise with
effects on the respiratory system, with overall improvements in pulmonary
function and inflammation of the airways, as well as in the better control of
symptoms and quality of life. In cases of severe asthma, which constitutes
a subcategory of uncontrolled asthma, the pulmonary rehabilitation with exercise
could be useful. Lastly we see, that despite the concerns
asthma patients may have for exercise-induced worsening of symptoms
(exercise-induced bronchoconstriction) exercise, with appropriate
preparation, medication and attention to the exercise environment, is safe.
Main subject category:
Education - Sport science
Asthma, Exercise, Pharmacological Treatment, Bronchoconstriction caused by asthma, Aerobic exercise, Pulmonary rehabilitation, Asthma with obesity, severe asthma
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