Minerals Collection

Collection uoadl:col_minerals 2979 Read counter

Title:
Minerals Collection
Description:
The collections of the Mineralogy and Petrology Museum were created by the Physiographic Company of Greece in 1835. From 1837 to 1858 the mineral collections were incorporated in the Geological and Paleontological Museum and in 1982 the Mineralogy and Petrology Museum became part of Geology Department of the University of Athens. The museum was re-opened in 2000, it is the oldest one in Greece and includes a) the systematic mineral collection, b) thematic mineral and gem collection, c) petrographic collections and d) ore collections. Nowadays the museum possesses more than 30.000 speciments of minerals and rocks most of them from historical localities, such as ex. U.S.S.R. and central Europe. The museum is being directed by Assistant Professor A. Katerinopoulos.
Time Coverage:
1835 till today
Access Policy:
The museum is being open all year round, Monday to Friday from 8.00 to 13.00. It remains closed during weekends, Christmas and Easter holidays and August

Φίλτρο

 

21. Calcite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141626
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Carbonates
D16 (12)
Place of origin:
Freiberg/Saxony, Germany
Description:
Found in most geologic settings and as a later forming replacement mineral in most other environments in one form or another, it is most common as massive material in limestones and marbles. It forms as chemical sedimentary deposits as limestone, can be regionally or contact metamorphosed into marbles and rarely forms igneous rocks (carbonatites). Also is a common gangue mineral in hydrothermal deposits

22. Siderite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141627
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Carbonates
D15 (5)
Place of origin:
Freiberg/Saxony, Germany
Description:
Most often found in bedded sedimentary deposits with a biological component, with shales, clays and coal beds - suggesting that the siderite is biogenically created under low-oxygen and low-Ph conditions. It is also found in metamorphosed sedimentary rocks as more massively crystalline material, as a primary gangue mineral in hydrothermal deposits, and in pegmatites, including nepheline syenite pegamtites; as bog deposits.

23. Malachite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141628
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Carbonates
D13 (3)
Place of origin:
Kammsdorf/Hessen, Germany
Description:
Secondary mineral in the oxidized zones of copper ore deposits.It is the most common secondary mineral found in the oxidized zones of copper deposits.

24. Amblygonite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141629
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Phosphates
D20 (2)
Place of origin:
Chursdorf, Germany
Description:
Occurs chiefly in granite pegmatites of the lithium- and phosphate-rich type. Crystals may be enormous in size.Zoned granite pegmatites, high-temperature tin veins, greisens

25. Vesuvianite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141630
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Sorosilicates
D25 (1)
Place of origin:
Ilmengebirge/Orenburg, ex. U.S.S.R.
Description:
Contact metamorphic rocks and alpine veins.Skarns or regional metamorphism of limestones.

26. Vesuvianite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141631
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Sorosilicates
D25 (7)
Place of origin:
Vesuvius, Italy
Description:
Contact metamorphic rocks and alpine veins.Skarns or regional metamorphism of limestones.

27. Epidote (Pistacite)

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141632
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Sorosilicates
D25 (18)
Place of origin:
Arendal, Norway
Description:
Contact metamorphic rocks.Regional and contact metamorphic rocks. Saussuritization (alteration of plagioclase)

28. Olivine

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141633
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Orthosilicates
D27 (22)
Place of origin:
Tyrol, Austria
Description:
Basic and ultra basic igneous rocks

29. Tourmaline Elbaite, var. Rubellite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141634
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ringsilicates
D29 (35)
Place of origin:
Mursinsk/Perm, ex. U.S.S.R.
Description:
Granitic pegmatites characterized by hydrothermal replacement.Lithium rich granitic pegmatites, metamorphic rocks and high temperature hydrothermal veins.

30. Cordierite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141635
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ringsilicates
D31 (32)
Place of origin:
Orijarvi, Finland
Description:
Magmatic, metamorphic, and pegmatitic rocks.Thermally metamorphosed argillaceous sedimentary rocks; high-grade regionally metamorphosed schists, gneisses and granulites; also in mafic igneous rocks and granites.

31. Cancrinite and Sodalite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141636
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Framework Silicates (Sodalite Group)
D41 (17)
Place of origin:
Miask/Orenburg, ex. U.S.S.R
Description:
Cancrinite:Alteration of nepheline in igneous rocks.Primary mineral in alkalic igneous rocks, alteration product of nepheline.Sodalite:Formed in nepheline syenites, phonolites, and related rock types. In metasomatized calcareous rocks, and in cavities in ejected volcanic blocks.Found in nepheline syenites, phonolites, volcanic ejecta, metasomatized calcareous rocks.

32. Chalcedony (var. Agate)

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141637
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Framework Silicates (Silica Minerals)
D49 (12)
Place of origin:
Idar/Oberstein, Germany
Description:
Banded variety of Chalcedony

33. Smoky Quartz

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141638
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Framework Silicates (Silica Minerals)
D48 (14)
Place of origin:
Germany
Description:
Sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks.

34. Orthoclase

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141639
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά της Ελλάδας - D51(11)
Minerals of Greece - D51 (11)
Place of origin:
Samothraki isl., Greece
Description:
Twinned orthoclase crystals according to Karlsband law. Idiomorphic feldspar phenocrysts within the marginal zone of the granitoid intrusive complex of Samothraki island.

35. Spessartine

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141640
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά της Ελλάδας - D52(4)
Minerals of Greece - D52 (4)
Place of origin:
Thapsana/Paros isl., Greece
Description:
Red spessartine crystal with phlogopite and quartz. Contact metamorphosed manganese ore formed after intrusion of a Hercynian granitoid within Precambrian basement rocks.

36. Corundum (var. Ruby)

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141641
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά της Ελλάδας - D52(14)
Minerals of Greece - D52(14)
Place of origin:
Gorgona/Thrace, Greece
Description:
Ruby crystal embedded in a feldspar and amphibole matrix. The hosted rocks are metasomatized amphibolites in close relationship with corundum-bearing marbles.

37. Epidote

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141642
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά της Ελλάδας - D52 (28)
Place of origin:
Kimmeria/Xanthi (Thrace, Greece)
Description:
Idiomorphic dark green epidote crystals from the Kimmeria skarn. The skarn was formed at the inteface between the Xanthi granodiorite and the Rhodope Mass gneisses, associated with andradite, quartz and actinolite.

38. Arsenic

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141643
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά από τα ορυχεία του Λαυρίου
D54 (10)
Place of origin:
Plaka / Lavrion, Greece
Description:
Botryoidal native arsenic intergrown with galena. The mineral appears in Filoni 80 vein crosscutting the Plaka hornfelses.

39. Galena

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141644
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά από τα ορυχεία του Λαυρίου
D54 (11)
Place of origin:
Avlaki/Lavrion, Greece
Description:
Galena associated with sphalerite and quartz, in veins crosscutting schists.

40. Serpierite

Artifact (mineral) uoadl:141645
Unit:
Μουσείο Ορυκτολογίας και Πετρολογίας
Call number:
Ορυκτά από τα ορυχεία του Λαυρίου
D54 (45)
Place of origin:
Kamariza / Lavrion, Greece
Description:
Acicular blue crystals of serpierite overgrown on limonite pseudomorph after calcite.Type locality of this secondary mineral is the Serpieri mine in Kamariza area.