The role of nano-perovskite in the negligible thorium release in seawater from Greek bauxite residue (red mud)

Επιστημονική δημοσίευση - Άρθρο Περιοδικού uoadl:2320623 1063 Αναγνώσεις

Μονάδα:
Τμήμα Γεωλογίας και Γεωπεριβάλλοντος
Τίτλος:
The role of nano-perovskite in the negligible thorium release in seawater from Greek bauxite residue (red mud)
Γλώσσες Τεκμηρίου:
Αγγλικά
Περίληψη:
We present new data about the chemical and structural characteristics of bauxite residue (BR) from
Greek Al industry, using a combination of microscopic, analytical, and spectroscopic techniques.
SEM-EDS indicated a homogeneous dominant “Al-Fe-Ca-Ti-Si-Na-Cr matrix”, appearing at the
microscale. The bulk chemical analyses showed considerable levels of Th (111 μg g−1), along with
minor U (15 μg g−1), which are responsible for radioactivity (355 and 133 Bq kg−1 for 232Th and 238U,
respectively) with a total dose rate of 295 nGy h−1. Leaching experiments, in conjunction with SFICP-
MS, using Mediterranean seawater from Greece, indicated significant release of V, depending on
S/L ratio, and negligible release of Th at least after 12 months leaching. STEM-EDS/EELS & HR-STEMHAADF
study of the leached BR at the nanoscale revealed that the significant immobility of Th4+ is due
to its incorporation into an insoluble perovskite-type phase with major composition of Ca0.8Na0.2TiO3
and crystallites observed in nanoscale. The Th LIII-edge EXAFS spectra demonstrated that Th4+ ions,
which are hosted in this novel nano-perovskite of BR, occupy Ca2+ sites, rather than Ti4+ sites. That is
most likely the reason of no Th release in Mediterranean seawater.
Έτος δημοσίευσης:
2016
Συγγραφείς:
Platon N. Gamaletsos
Athanasios Godelitsas
Takeshi Kasama
Alexei Kuzmin
Markus Lagos
Theo J. Mertzimekis
Jörg Göttlicher
Ralph Steininger
Stelios Xanthos
Yiannis Pontikes
George N. Angelopoulos
Charalampos Zarkadas
Aleksandr Komelkov
Evangelos Tzamos
Anestis Filippidis
Περιοδικό:
Scientific Reports
Εκδότης:
Nature Publishing Group
Τόμος:
6
Αριθμός / τεύχος:
-
Σελίδες:
21737
Λέξεις-κλειδιά:
bauxite, thorium, red-mud, titanium, perovskite, nano, synchrotron, TEM
Κύρια θεματική κατηγορία:
Θετικές Επιστήμες
Επίσημο URL (Εκδότης):
Bauxite_red_mud_Sci.Reports2016.pdf (5 MB) Άνοιγμα σε νέο παράθυρο