Structural and functional characteristics of rhenium clusters derived from redox chemistry of the triangular [Re-3(III)(mu-Cl)(3)] core unit

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Τμήμα Χημείας
Structural and functional characteristics of rhenium clusters derived
from redox chemistry of the triangular [Re-3(III)(mu-Cl)(3)] core unit
Γλώσσες Τεκμηρίου:
The present study investigates structural and functional aspects of the
redox chemistry of rhenium(III) chloride [Re3Cl9] (1) in aqueous and
organic solvents, with emphasis on the dioxygen-activating capabilities
of reduced rhenium clusters bearing the Re-3(8+) core. Dissolution of 1
in HCl (6 M) generates [Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-9](3-) (2a), which can be
isolated as the tetraphenylphosphonium salt (2b). Anaerobic one-electron
reduction of 1 by Hg in HCl (6-12 M) produces
[(C6H5)(4)P](2)[Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-7(H2O)(2)].H2O (3), the structure
of which features a planar [Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-3] framework (Re-3(8+)
core), involving two water ligands that occupy out-of-plane positions in
a trans arrangement. Compound 3 dissociates in the presence of CO,
yielding [(C6H5)(4)P](2)[(Re2Cl8)-Cl-III] (4) and an unidentified
red carbonyl species. In situ oxidation (O-2) Of the reduced
Re-3(8+)-containing cluster in HCl (6 M) produces quantitatively 2a,
whereas oxidation of 3 in organic media results in the formation of
[(C6H5)(4)P](4)[Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-7(mu -OH)(2)]. 2CH(2)Cl(2)
(5). The structure of 5 reveals that two oxygen ligands (hydroxo units)
bridge asymmetrically two Re-3(9+) triangular clusters. The origin of
these hydroxo units derives from the aquo ligands, rather than O-2, as
shown by O-18(2) labeling studies. The hydroxo bridges of 5 can be
replaced by chlorides upon treatment with Me3SiCl to afford the
analogous [(C6H5)(4)P](4)[Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-7(mu -Cl)(2)].
10CH(2)Cl(2) (6). The reaction of 5 with Hg in HCl (6 M)/tetrahydrofuran
regenerates compound 3. Complexes 1-3 exhibit nitrile hydratase type
activity, inducing hydrolysis of CH3CN to acetamide. The reaction of 3
with CH3CN yields [(C6H5)(4)P](2)[Re-3(mu
-Cl)(3)Cl-6.5(CH3-CN)(1.5)(CH3C(O)NH)(0.5)] (7), the structure of which
is composed of [Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-7(CH3CN)(2)](2-) (7a) and [Re-3(mu
-Cl)(3)Cl(CH3CN)(CH3C(O)NH)](2-) (7b) (Re-3(8+) cores) as a disordered
mixture (1:1). Oxidation of 7 with O-2 in CH3CN affords
[(C6H5)(4)P](2)[Re-3(mu -Cl)(3)Cl-7(CH3C(O)NH)]. CH3CN (8) and small
amounts of [(C6H5)(4)P][ReO4] (9). Compound 8 is also independently
isolated from the reaction of 2b with wet CH3CN, or by dissolving 5 in
CH3CN. In MeOH, 5 dissociates to afford [(C6H5)(4)P](2)[Re-3(mu
-Cl)(3)Cl-8(MeOH)]. MeOH (10).
Έτος δημοσίευσης:
Daniel Neuman
Patrina Paraskevopoulou
Nikos Psaroudakis
Konstantinos Mertis
Richard J. Staples
Pericles Stavropoulos
International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
American Chemical Society (ACS)
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